11-4-14 Nailor Tori HORT

What is Horticulture & Landscaping?

The Horticulture & Landscaping program focuses on landscape design, installation, and maintenance of residential and commercial properties. Students will gain experience in hardscape application, including: retaining walls, dry-laid paver patios, walkways, and pond installation. We are designing and developing an arboretum on campus for current and future students to learn how to plan, install, and maintain ornamental plant materials. Students will also have the opportunity to study hydroponics and different types of plant propagation in our newly-renovated greenhouse, and will explore the new technologies in the industry--along with sustainable practices--in our ever-changing field.

Students will also study a vast array of plant materials and gain customer service skills through our retail flower shop. In this part of the program, students learn the ins and outs of the floral design industry, including: corsages, weddings, sympathy arrangements, and traditional and modern design. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and the safe use of pesticides is also emphasized. 

For more information on the opportunities available through this program, please refer to the "College Credits" and "Industry Certifications" links to the left, and check out this video all about the Horticulture program: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rXd1w3rm5C0


Program Objectives 

  1. Complete PA Dept. of Ed. POS (Program of Study)
  2. Complete NOCTI Competencies
  3. Obtain Industry Certifications (OSHA 10, PA Pesticide License, First Aid/CPR)
  4. Earn College in the High School (CHS) Credits through Pennsylvania College of Technology
  5. Industry Visit (Level 1)
  6. Post-Secondary Visit (Level 2)
  7. Complete Internship 

Level 1

Certifications: OSHA 10, First Aid/CPR (For Students Attending Only One Year of the Program)

  • Demonstrate Safety with Tools and Equipment
  • Plant Functions and Nutrition Requirements
  • Soils and Environmental Factors
  • Basic Design Techniques
  • Plant Identification


  • 100s: Demonstrate Safety
  • 200s: Safe and Proper Plant Care Practices
  • 300s: Basic Botany
  • 500s: Soils and Climate


Level 2

CHS: HORT 101 (Horticultural Careers)

  • Develop a Horticultural Business Plan
  • Using Sustainable Practices
  • Researching Advanced Technologies in Altering Plants and Advancements in Equipment
  • Computer Aided Design
  • Plant Identification


  • 400s: Horticulture Business Operations
  • 600s: Sustainable Horticulture
  • 700s: Horticulture Technology
  • 800s: History and Current Status of Horticulture
  • 900s: Plant Identification

Employability Skills Training  

Internship (3-Day Minimum)  


Level 3 

Certifications: PA Pesticide, OSHA 10, First Aid/CPR

CHS: HORT 113 (Ornamental Plants)

  • Advanced Plant Production/Greenhouse
  • Landscape and Turf Management
  • Floral Design
  • Plant Identification


  • 1000s: Floral Design
  • 1100s: Landscaping Technology Skills
  • 1200s: Plant Production (Greenhouse/Nursery)

OPTION 1: Certifications and Tasks As Described Above

OPTION 2: Cooperative Education


Is it for You?

Students seeking education in this program should enjoy business-related, scientific, or physical activities. It is entirely possible for a professional in this field to either work alone, as a member of a team, or in some combination of these two settings, so those seeking this type of work should be comfortable with both possibilities. As with any career, employees may be managers or supervisors, or they may work under the guidance of a manager or supervisor; hours are typically 40 hours per week, but may range from 50-60 hours per week during peak seasons. Floriculturists tend to work in flower shops, greenhouses, and garden centers; aboriculturists spend most of their time outdoors, occasionally in bad weather; and landscapers perform seasonal work from March through December, usually involving difficult, manual labor (often in extreme temperatures and weather conditions) as part of a small work crew.

Additionally, the following skills are essential to be successful in this field:

  • Mathematical aptitude
  • Artistic ability (for designing landscapes)
  • Good physical stamina
  • Ability to work outside in hot and cold temperatures
  • Interest in plant life and science
  • Good eyesight (either naturally or with correction).

For more information on this program's objectives, please refer to the "Task List" link to the left.


What's Next?



Post-Secondary Studies

*Many employment options in this field require additional study.

University of PA: Landscape Architecture

Penn College: Landscape/Horticulture Technology

Penn State: Turfgrass Science & Management

Potential Career Pathways

* Salaries listed are PA state averages taken from www.onetonline.com and are accurate as of 2020

Landscaping & Groundskeeping Workers ($31,600)

Landscape Architects ($63,130)

Greenhouse Managers ($87,590) 

Floral Designers ($24,390)

Precision Agriculture Technicians ($44,180)

Soil & Plant Scientist ($63,200)

Pesticide Handler ($35,840)

Landscape Supervisor ($49,370)

...and many more